Skrýt nabídku

A country born from the sea

The National Park is a land of sandstones. They were formed by agglutination of sand grains that had settled at the bottom of the chalk sea. Throughout the ten million years the sand was accumulating, a bed of sedimentation was growing grain by grain until it reached the thickness of more than one kilometre!

The most important stage of the geological development of the Elbe Sandstones took place in the Mesozoic Period, during the existence of the Upper Cretaceous sea which covered this region more than 90 million years ago. Sediments were laid down on the bed of this sea over a period of approximately 12 million years. This layer of sediments was up to 1,000 metres in thickness and is predominantly formed by sandstones.

At the end of the Mesozoic Era the sea receded and the sandstone land cracked into giant blocks. Hot magma and solutions were pushing their way to the surface through cracks. Ferrous sandstones and noticeable basaltic and clinkstone hills are relics of this turbulent period. Most noticeable of them is the so-called Růžovský Vrch ("Rosy Hill"), which is the highest spot of the National Park.

The present-day landscape is a result of impact of rivers, rain, wind and frost. Thus the deep mountain passes and canyons, rock towers, gates or windows were created. Sandstone blocks keep crumbling and sometimes they even collapse. Nature never finishes its work...


Naši partneři

Nationalpark Sächsische Schweiz

Park Narodowy Gór Stołowych

EUROPARC Federation