Skrýt nabídku

Tasks & Aims of the national park

According to Act No. 161/1999 Coll., the mission of the Bohemian Switzerland NP is to ″conserve and improve the natural environment, protect the unique geomorphological values, wild plants and animals and to preserve the typical appearance of the landscape″.

The Management Plan specifies the primary and secondary missions of the Bohemian Switzerland NP.

Primary missions of the national park are to:

- Preserve and restore natural and near- natural ecosystems and the natural processes being underway in them,
- Protect the geological-geomorphological, biological and landscape diversity of the territory,
- Ensure sustainable and environmentally-friendly tourist and recreational activities.

Secondary missions of the national park are:

- Scientific research, monitoring and documentation activities,
- Ecological education and awareness.

The main subject of the conservation in Bohemian Switzerland NP is the conservation of a representative example of the sandstone phenomenon in the Bohemian Cretaceous Basin, i.e. the characteristic relief of block sandstones, as well as the related specific ecological conditions which determine biodiversity.

The strategic aim of the conservation in Bohemian Switzerland NP is to be included and certified in category II (national park), according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) criteria.

According to the guidelines for interpretation and application of the IUCN categories in Europe (EUROPARC and IUCN 2000), the main aims for category II protected territories are as follows:

- to protect natural and scenic areas of national and international significance for spiritual, scientific, educational, recreational or tourist purposes;
- to perpetuate, in as natural a state as possible, representative examples of physiographic regions, biotic communities, genetic resources, and species, to provide ecological stability and diversity;
- to manage visitor use for inspirational, educational, cultural and recreational purposes at a level which maintain the area in a natural or near natural state;
- to eliminate and thereafter prevent exploitation or occupation inimical to the purposes of designation;
- to maintain respect for the ecological, geomorphologic, sacred or aesthetic attributes which warranted designation; and
- to take into account the needs of indigenous people, including subsistence resource use, in so far as these will not adversely affect the other objectives of management.

From the standpoint of the specific conditions in Bohemian Switzerland NP, further strategic aims include:

- Close co-operation with the Saxon Switzerland NP and Elbe Sandstones PLA Administrations in the fields of nature protection, research, monitoring and documentation of the natural environment, work with the general public (including regulation of visitor numbers) and ecological education, with the aim of maximising the coordination of activities within the unified geographical region of Saxon-Bohemian Switzerland (viz. Strategy for the Further Development of Transboundary Cooperation in the appendices).
- Gradual transformation of the species and spatial composition of the forests in the areas of the national park which were previously cultivated in an intensive mannner, with the aim of bringing the forest ecosystems closer to their natural condition and increasing their self-regulating capability,
- Controlling the further spread of invasive, non-native species, especially the Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus), and its gradual elimination on the territory of the national park, - Maintaining the populations of game animals at levels which guarantee the continuation of stable and sustainable populations with a natural balance of gender and age classes, while also ensuring the natural dynamics of the forest ecosystems,
- Leaving the river and stream ecosystems to natural self-regulation processes, with the exception of emergency situations, reintroduction programmes, monitoring and research,
- Reintroduction 2 of species which have become extinct here as a result of human activity, if it is feasible and realistic.

The territory of the national park is a part of the Bohemian Switzerland (České Švýcarsko) Site of Community Importance and the Elbe Sandstones (Labské pískovce) Special Protection Area (Bird Area). The Management Plan also takes into account the requirements of the European legislation concerning the subjects of the protection for these localities.

The aim of the protection in the Bohemian Switzerland (České Švýcarsko) SCI is to preserve the types of natural habitats and species which are the subjects of the protection, as well as to renew their favourable conditions. The subjects of the protection in the Bohemian Switzerland České Švýcarsko SCI include 3 animal species (Atlantic Salmon, Otter and Brook Lamprey), 1 plant species (Killarney Fern) and 10 types of natural biotopes (32603 - flowing water with growths of Water Crowfoot, 4030 - heathlands, 6510 – oatgrass meadows, 8220 – vegetation of rocky slopes, 8310 – caves without public access, 9110 – acidophilous beechwoods, 9130 – herb-rich beechwoods, 9180* - talus and ravine forests, 91T0 – Central European pinewoods with lichens, 9410 – acidophilous spruce woods). Long-term targets have been established for the protection of each of the subjects of the protection in the Bohemian Switzerland (České Švýcarsko) SCI. We plan to achieve these long-term targets by way of the realisation of a series of short-term measures, which are listed in the table below.

Long-term targets for the protection of types of natural habitats are to preserve them on the territory of the park on a sufficiently large area and in a representative condition without human interference. Only oatgrass meadows (6510), as a semi-natural habitat, require regular and long-term human care to maintain them in a favourable condition. In the case of certain types of natural habitats (9110, 91T0, 9410 a 6510), our target is to improve the conditions for the favourable development of these habitats.

SCI target species
Long- term targetShort- term target
Atlantic Salmon
(Salmo salar)
To build a strong and stable population which is capable of natural reproduction without human helpAnnual strengthening of the population by releasing salmon fry, ensuring that the water flows are passable for the salmon, monitoring the quality and purity of the water, localising and protecting spawning grounds
(Lutra lutra)
Maintaining a sustainable population in the territorymonitoring of numbers and distribution, maintaining and improving the trophic and locality conditions, improving the quality and purity of the water
Killarney Fern
(Trichomanes speciosum)
maintaining the population in the territoryextensive monitoring of the population using the

Naši partneři

Nationalpark Sächsische Schweiz

Park Narodowy Gór Stołowych

EUROPARC Federation